Germany

Germany ranked No. 5 in total trade value in 2019 with a total of $187.76 billion. Exports totaled $60.3 billion and Imports totaled $127.46 billion, a deficit of $67.17 billion.

U.S. trade with Germany rose to $187.76 billion in 2019

Germany’s trade with the United States rose to $187.76 billion in 2019, according to a WorldCity analysis of latest U.S. Census Bureau data. That’s 2.29 percent above its total trade of 2018. U.S. exports to Germany increased 4.58 percent while U.S. imports from Germany rose 1.24 percent. The U.S. deficit with Germany was $67.17 billion.

Through December 2019, the top five among the nation’s airports, seaports and border crossings were No. 1 Port of Charleston; No. 2 Chicago O’Hare International Airport; No. 3 John F. Kennedy International Airport; No. 4 Port of Newark; and No. 5 Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. In 2018, the top five were No. 1 Port of Charleston No. 2 Port of Newark No. 3 John F. Kennedy International Airport No. 4 Chicago O’Hare International Airport and No. 5 Port of New Orleans. In 2019, the top five accounted for 36.06 percent of Germany’s U.S. trade.

Among those top five:

  • Trade with No. 1 Port of Charleston rose 13.1 percent to $16.64 billion.
    Exports rose 23.1 percent to $4.78 billion. Imports rose 9.51 percent to $11.86 billion.
  • Trade with No. 2 Chicago O’Hare International Airport rose 8.15 percent to $13.84 billion.
    Exports rose 5.84 percent to $4.49 billion. Imports rose 9.3 percent to $9.35 billion.
  • Trade with No. 3 John F. Kennedy International Airport rose 7.03 percent to $13.72 billion.
    Exports rose 7.65 percent to $6.79 billion. Imports rose 6.42 percent to $6.93 billion.
  • Trade with No. 4 Port of Newark fell 2.37 percent to $13.57 billion.
    Exports rose 32.73 percent to $1.3 billion. Imports fell 5.03 percent to $12.27 billion.
  • Trade with No. 5 Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport rose 12.81 percent to $9.94 billion.
    Exports fell 4.91 percent to $1.68 billion. Imports rose 17.25 percent to $8.27 billion.

Germany ranked No. 5 among the United States’ top trade partners in 2019. In 2018, it ranked No. 5.

Meanwhile, total U.S. trade with the world decreased to $4.14 trillion, down 1.37 percent compared to 2018. The nation’s exports dropped 1.13 percent to $1.65 trillion; imports dropped 1.53 percent to $2.5 trillion. The nation’s top five countries for 2019, by value, were Mexico; Canada; China; Japan and Germany. The overall trade deficit was $853.23 billion, down compared to 2018 when the deficit was $873.19 billion.

The top five U.S. exports to Germany by value through December 2019 were the categories of Civilian aircraft, parts; Motor vehicles for transporting people; Plasma, vaccines, blood; Medical instruments for surgeons, dentists, vets; and Medicines in individual dosages, respectively. They accounted for 38.87 percent of total exports to Germany.

The value of the top five categories of U.S. imports from Germany –– Motor vehicles for transporting people; Plasma, vaccines, blood; Medicines in individual dosages; Value added to a returned import; and Motor vehicle parts –– accounted for 34.67 percent of all inbound shipments.

Looking more closely at U.S. exports to Germany:

  • Civilian aircraft, parts rose 20.2 percent compared to last year to $10.16 billion.
  • Motor vehicles for transporting people rose 20.77 percent compared to last year to $7.08 billion.
  • Plasma, vaccines, blood rose 34.69 percent compared to last year to $2.87 billion.
  • Medical instruments for surgeons, dentists, vets rose 0.59 percent compared to last year to $1.75 billion.
  • Medicines in individual dosages rose 93.8 percent compared to last year to $1.58 billion.

Looking more closely at U.S. imports from Germany:

  • Motor vehicles for transporting people fell 4.18 percent compared to last year to $17.87 billion.
  • Plasma, vaccines, blood rose 39.36 percent compared to last year to $8.57 billion.
  • Medicines in individual dosages fell 5.98 percent compared to last year to $7.91 billion.
  • Value added to a returned import rose 25.3 percent compared to last year to $5.57 billion.
  • Motor vehicle parts fell 5.79 percent compared to last year to $4.28 billion.

In 2018 annual figures available, Germany recorded $183.56 billion in trade with the United States. Total U.S. exports to Germany were $57.65 billion and imports from Germany were $125.9 billion. The U.S. deficit with Germany was $68.25 billion.