Port of Houston

Port of Houston’s trade totaled $13.09 billion for the month of December, $158.27 billion for all of 2019, and $159.79 billion for all of 2018, the latest annual data available, according to U.S. Census Bureau data analyzed by WorldCity. Need more details? Read more

Click on any of the countries in the chart below to gain access to the specific exports and imports between that country and (port), how it compares to other ports for trade with that country, how that trade has changed over time, and much more. Data available both by value and tonnage. Download data. If you are not a subscriber, you can learn more by clicking on the subscribe link.

Top Trading Countries

RankPort2019
1Mexico$14.14 B
2China$11.74 B
3Brazil$10.43 B
4South Korea$8.1 B
5Germany$7.38 B
6The Netherlands$7.05 B
7India$6.71 B
8Japan$5.86 B
9United Kingdom$5.6 B
10Italy$4.99 B

Overall Rank

Port of Houston’s trade decreases 0.95 percent in 2019.

Port of Houston’s trade with the world fell 0.95 percent, from $159.79 billion to $158.27 billion in 2019 when compared to 2018, according to WorldCity analysis of the latest U.S. Census Bureau data.

In 2019, the nation’s total trade was $4.14 trillion, with exports at $1.65 trillion and imports at $2.49 trillion. The nation’s total trade decreased 1.46 percent compared to 2018. Exports fell 1.13 percent and imports fell 1.67 percent.

Port of Houston ranked No. 6 for total trade among the nation’s roughly 450 airports, seaports and border crossings in 2019.

The nation’s top five “ports” — airports, seaports and border crossings — in 2019, by value, were Port of Los Angeles; Port Laredo; Chicago O’Hare International Airport; Port of Newark and John F. Kennedy International Airport.

In 2019 Port of Houston’s top trade partners were No. 1 Mexico, No. 2 China, No. 3 Brazil, No. 4 South Korea and No. 5 Germany. In 2018, the top trade partners were held by Mexico, China, Brazil, Germany and The Netherlands, respectively.

Taking a closer look at its leading trade partners:

  • Trade with No. 1 Mexico fell 15.29 percent to $14.14 billion.
    Exports fell 7.41 percent to $9.17 billion. Imports fell 26.78 percent to $4.97 billion.
  • Trade with No. 2 China fell 20.79 percent to $11.74 billion.
    Exports fell 41.39 percent to $2.71 billion. Imports fell 11.46 percent to $9.03 billion.
  • Trade with No. 3 Brazil rose 8.61 percent to $10.43 billion.
    Exports rose 16.6 percent to $7.64 billion. Imports fell 8.53 percent to $2.8 billion.
  • Trade with No. 4 South Korea rose 19.19 percent to $8.1 billion.
    Exports rose 38.23 percent to $4.96 billion. Imports fell 2.09 percent to $3.14 billion.
  • Trade with No. 5 Germany rose 2.47 percent to $7.38 billion.
    Exports rose 11.87 percent to $2.09 billion. Imports fell 0.82 percent to $5.29 billion.

Port of Houston’s top five trading partners in 2019 accounted for 32.72 percent of its trade with the world.

Port of Houston had trade surpluses with 153 countries and deficits with 56 in 2019. That compares with 145 surpluses and 67 deficits for 2018. The top three surpluses were with The Netherlands, $4.86 billion; Brazil, $4.84 billion; and Mexico, $4.19 billion. The top three deficits were with China, $6.32 billion; Germany, $3.2 billion; and Russia, $1.74 billion.

In 2019 its top exports were Gasoline, other fuels; Oil; Petroleum gases, other gaseous hydrocarbons; Plastics; and Acyclic hydrocarbons, in that order. Those accounted for 58.04 percent of its total outbound trade. The Port’s top imports were Oil; Gasoline, other fuels; Motor vehicles for transporting people; Seamless iron tubes and pipes; and Iron and steel pipes and tubing, accounting for 30.84 percent of all inbound shipments.

Looking more closely at Port of Houston’s exports:

  • Gasoline, other fuels fell 9.34 percent compared to last year to $19.23 billion.
  • Oil rose 64.36 percent compared to last year to $19 billion.
  • Petroleum gases, other gaseous hydrocarbons fell 20.56 percent compared to last year to $7.91 billion.
  • Plastics rose 29.05 percent compared to last year to $5.69 billion.
  • Acyclic hydrocarbons rose 11.53 percent compared to last year to $2.66 billion.

On the import side:

  • Oil fell 37.18 percent compared to last year to $6.97 billion.
  • Gasoline, other fuels fell 4.83 percent compared to last year to $6.48 billion.
  • Motor vehicles for transporting people fell 6.75 percent compared to last year to $3.05 billion.
  • Seamless iron tubes and pipes fell 21.93 percent compared to last year to $2.13 billion.
  • Iron and steel pipes and tubing fell 10.77 percent compared to last year to $1.22 billion.

In 2018 Port of Houston posted total trade with the world of $159.79 billion. The Port’s surplus was $20.63 billion. Exports totaled $90.21 billion and imports came to $69.58 billion.